Removing #MVC Form #ModelState Errors when the form data model can’t be altered #csharp

When working on .NET MVC projects you may run into a situation where you need to override the state reported by the ModelState object.  In case you aren’t familiar with what the ModelState object is, in the case of MVC controllers the ModelState object provides details on whether the data in a form sent to the controller passes all model defined attribute validation checks.  A call to ModelState.IsValid returns a boolean value to indicate the state, true for all checks passed, false for one or more errors present.  Further details on the reasons why the model is not valid can be retrieved from the ModelState.Errors collection.  In some cases it may be necessary to remove some validation errors from the ModelState before calling ModelState.IsValid.  

I recently had to do this when a complex form required a major overhaul.  Ideally we would have built new form data models but constraints on the project didn’t permit the investment.  Instead a function was created that would remove validation errors for the few form elements causing validation issues.

The function wasn’t complex.  For our needs we wanted to remove all errors against an element that contained a given name.  This was because our form would contain input elements with names like these that created a natural hierarchy and grouping:  Car.Door.Front.Passenger.Color and Car.Body.Windshield.Size.  To do this we’d check each ModelState Key to see if it contained the element name of interest.  If it did then the ModelState.Values object at the same index of the found key would have its Errors collection cleared.

public void RemoveModelStateErrors(string elementName) {
    for(var idx = 0; idx < ModelState.Keys.Count; idx++) {
        if (ModelState.Keys.ElementAt(i).Contains(elementName)
            && ModelState.Values.ElementAt(i).Errors.Count > 0) { 

The function could be simplified if you always know the exact element name or it could be refactored to handle a list of element names.  Either way once the function is called, any errors related to the elementName would be removed and the ModelState.IsValid call will be updated accordingly.  If the only errors were related to the elements that were just removed then it would return true for the valid model.

Setting up #TypeScript and Runtime Compilation in #VS2019 for #ASPNETCore

Last week I started a new web project to test out ASP.NET Core and Visual Studio 2019.  With all of the changes between the IDE, project configuration, and MVC boilerplate code I figured waiting until work and life slowed down a bit would be ideal.  With the end of the year near the slowdown has finally happened.

The boilerplate code setup hasn’t been difficult, and as expected, well documented.  At this point in the project I’ve setup all references to data access classes outside of the main project to utilize dependency injection.  .NET Core makes this extremely simple I and recommend all developers who are hesitant to use DI to take a look at Microsoft’s documentation.

Two areas that stumped me for a bit were areas that were relatively simple in Visual Studio 2017.  The first one was getting TypeScript to compile and build the mappings properly for debugging.  Prior to .NET Core a tsconfig.json file in the project’s Scripts directory was all that was needed.  However, ASP.NET MVC projects in .NET Core have a different setup.  The guidance is to create a scripts directory outside of the wwwroot directory in the project to hold the TypeScript files.  In order to get the JavaScript code that is generated from those files to be used in the deployed site you then need to copy the JavaScript, TypeScript, and Map files over to your JavaScript directory within wwwroot.  From what I have read, to do this you need to perform a few steps.  They are pretty basic and I encourage you to read the article on as it has more details on the steps needed.  What follows are the two files I had to play with to get the mappings working.

The first file to add to your project is tsconfig.json.  You can place the file at the root of your project or in the main folder holding your TypeScript files.  For the purposes of this post I’ll be putting the file in the root of my project.


  "compileOnSave": true,
  "compilerOptions": {
    "noImplicitAny": false,
    "noEmitOnError": true,
    "removeComments": false,
    "sourceMap": true, // Generate the source Map file connecting JS to TS
    "target": "es5",
    "typeRoots": [ // Point to NPM for typings
  "exclude": [
    "node_modules",  // Folder to ignore
    "wwwroot" // Folder to ignore
  "include": [
    "scripts" // The folder to look for TypeScript files

Once this configuration file is in place any build launched will fire off the TypeScript compiler and generate the JavaScript and Map files.

The next piece of the puzzle is getting the generated files into the correct directory in the wwwroot folder of the project.  To accomplish this another file needs to be added to the project in order to use gulp.  The gulpfile.js will have a simple job, delete the old JavaScript directory and copy over the TypeScript, JavaScript, and Map files to the wwwroot directory.


var gulp = require('gulp');
var del = require('del');

var paths = {
    scripts: ['scripts/app/**/*.js', 'scripts/app/**/*.ts', 'scripts/app/**/*.map'],

gulp.task('clean', function () {
    return del(['wwwroot/js/**/*.js', 'wwwroot/js/**/*.map', 'wwwroot/js/**/*.ts']);

gulp.task('default', function () {

Once those files were in place the next battle was getting my project to rebuild and run any updates made while debugging the site.  I originally thought the problem resided with the IDE configuration.  Turns out this isn’t the case and what was needed were changes at the Project level and in the code.

The steps are all spelled out by Microsoft in Razor file compilation in ASP.NET Core.  To help with the code piece of the update take a look below.  In the Startup.cs file the constructor and ConfigureServices sections of code will need to be updated in a similar fashion.


private IWebHostEnvironment _env { get; set; }

public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }

public Startup(IConfiguration configuration, IWebHostEnvironment env)
    Configuration = configuration;
    _env = env;

// This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    IMvcBuilder builder = services.AddRazorPages();
    if (_env.IsDevelopment())

Once these changes were finally realized my project was back in a productive development state.  Visual Studio 2019 does have TypeScript compilation settings that can be set in the project Properties that could be used instead of the tsconfig.json file.  And it might be possible to not use the gulp task by having your TypeScript files within the wwwroot/js folder.   I’ve shied away from this setup for the time being since multiple articles have emphasized keeping the TypeScript code outside of wwwroot and using the tsconfig.json file makes the project more automated build friendly.